For plant growers who want to generate healthy and nutritious crops, fertilizers are one of the most effective tools that they can use to do that. They are soluble in water so plants can absorb them quickly and some of them are also nutrient specific. These days, there are numerous plant-growing stimulants available on the market, but unfortunately, a lot of them are also hazardous.
Not only can they make your plants grow weak, an article from [Turf Pro USA] also noted that the synthetic types can cause specific types of cancer to people who use them frequently. The entry below will give you a list of the various types of dangerous fertilizers so you can avoid them.
A post from [Live Science] noted nitrogen is one of the most common additives that were imbued in several agricultural composts. United States is the biggest consumer of this product with an annual use of 4.7 million tons. There are thirty-four production facilities in this country that create nitrogen fertilizers. In addition, 6,000 stores sell this directly to farmers.
Plant growers commonly use nitrogen in its ammonium nitrate form. This chemical compound has the following hazards which include:
Ammonium nitrate can potentially explode when subjected to certain conditions such as heat and shock.
When it is washed away by rain or melting snow, it will be transported to other bodies of water. When it reaches rivers, lakes, ponds, it will rapidly boost the growth of algae in that area. These algae will consume oxygen in the water, causing the death of various marine lives like fishes.
Nitrate rich water is not safe for drinking, and treating it would be rather difficult.
It can have an effect on the soils alkalinity and acidity, thus, affecting crop production negatively. Plants
Superphosphate is well-used because phosphoric acid is soluble in water. Thanks to this property, plants can easily absorb nutrients properly. It usually comes in three varying grades;
- Single superphosphate – contains 16% – 20% phosphoric acid
- Dicalcium phosphate – contains 35% – 38% phosphoric acid
- Triple superphosphate – contains 44% – 49% phosphoric acid
Unfortunately, its effectiveness poses several consequences. According to [Dr. Lawrence Wilson], superphosphate is dangerous because:
The soil becomes less permeable. When this happens, water just flows through without being absorbed by the plants and land. This could spell danger to crops that needs more water nourishment. It could also cause soil erosion.
It rapidly increases the oxidation rate of plants and soil micro-organisms. This event could lead to a change in the mineral composition of the soil and depletion of nutrients. The lack of trace minerals could also create an abundance of toxic metals in the soil.
Urea is a type of chemical fertilizer. It discharges nitrogen into the land and then the crops will absorb it afterwards. This product is usually distributed on the market in prills or granules. Urea is composed of 46% nitrogen.
This means that you do not have to worry about the product suddenly exploding. However, [Kelzyme for Life] mentioned that using it still poses danger to our health and to our surroundings. These include:
- It causes the plants to grow rapidly.
- Wipes out the best and vital organisms in the soil.
- Makes the pests more active.
- Oftentimes, urea gets broken down into other components that retard the soil’s ability to grow crops.
- Makes the plants lose their nutritional content.
Bone meal is an organic type of fertilizer created from animal bones and slaughterhouse waste products that were finely or coarsely grounded. It is popularly used by farmers because of its high phosphorus and calcium content.
An article from [Gentle World] mentioned that bone meal has the following negative side-effects:
Since it is made from animal carcass, it is very dangerous to breathe its dust because it might be contaminated. Reports have stated that bone meal can be an agent of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) or the human form of the “mad cow disease.”
When accidentally eaten by your pets, this fertilizer could form into little hard balls. This will stay in their digestive track and might impede their digestion processes. This could only be removed through surgery.
To Wrap Things Up
Fertilizers can be effective tools to keep your plants grow fit, rich in flavor, and beautiful. However, make sure that you choose the ones that are not hazardous to yourself and to the environment. Before using any fertilizer products, keep in mind to study its composition, ingredients, and the proper way of applying it to your products.
If you can share other useful information about the dangerous types of fertilizers, feel free to share your knowledge in the comments section.